The lipid profile test is a combination of tests conducted together to check for any risks of coronary heart disease, or as a preventive measure to check any risks depending on factors like eating habits, diet, stress, exercise and life-style related.
It is also needed to check for dyslipidaemia symptoms, it is also carried out to check adults and children who are risk prone to high blood cholesterol value and triglycerides. This happens because of development of diabetes, high blood pressure or a heart disease. This lipid profile test is also conducted as a follow up to evalute the treatment undergone and diet control programme.
Your doctor might ask you to get a lipid profile done as a regular part of a health exam. The results from this test might be used to prevent, monitor, or diagnose various medical conditions. It may also be performed to evaluate the success of various treatments, or the effectiveness of drug therapies or lipid-lowering lifestyle changes.
In adults, it is recommended that even people with no risk factors for heart disease should get a fasting lipid profile performed every four to six years. If other risk factors are present, it is recommended that the test be performed more frequently. One of the major risk factors for a number of diseases and medical conditions is a high level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol.
Apart from this, other risk factors include:
· Being overweight
· Unhealthy diet
· Being physically inactive or not getting enough exercise
· If you are a male of 45 years or more or a female who is 50-55 years or more
· If you are suffering from hypertension
· Having a family history of premature heart diseases
· Pre-existing heart diseases
· If you’ve had a heart attack
· Having diabetes or pre-diabetes
Having high HDL is considered as a "negative risk factor". Having high levels of HDL allow for the removal of one risk factor.With children and adolescents, it is recommended to get routine lipid profiles done.
LIPID PROFILE TEST